Τετάρτη, 1 Ιουλίου 2015

ΓΕΝΟΚΤΟΝΙΑ ΣΕ ΧΡΟΝΟ ΕΝΕΣΤΩΤΑ Μέρος ΧΙV - Μήνυμα εμπειρογνωμόνων του OHE υπέρ του δημοψηφίσματος



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ΓΕΝΟΚΤΟΝΙΑ ΣΕ ΧΡΟΝΟ ΕΝΕΣΤΩΤΑ

Μέρος ΧΙV

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Μήνυμα εμπειρογνωμόνων του OHE υπέρ του δημοψηφίσματος


Εμπειρογνώμονες του ΟΗΕ χαιρετίζουν την απόφαση της ελληνικής κυβέρνησης για τη διενέργεια δημοψηφίσματος στην Ελλάδα. Σκληρή κριτική ασκούν στο Διεθνές Νομισματικό Ταμείο και την Ε.Ε, για την αποτυχία εξεύρεσης λύσης. 

Συγκεκριμένα, δύο εμπειρογνώμονες των Ηνωμένων Εθνών για τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα χαιρέτισαν τη διεξαγωγή δημοψηφίσματος στην Ελλάδα, ώστε να αποφασιστεί με δημοκρατικές διαδικασίες το μονοπάτι που θα ακολουθηθεί για την επίλυση της ελληνικής οικονομικής κρίσης, χωρίς να επιδεινωθεί η κατάσταση των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων. 

Οι ανεξάρτητοι εμπειρογνώμονες των Ηνωμένων Εθνών για την προώθηση μιας δημοκρατικής και δίκαιης διεθνούς τάξης, ο Alfred de Zayas (@Alfreddezayas), και για τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα και τη διεθνή αλληλεγγύη, η Virginia Dandan (@vbDandan), τόνισαν ότι υπάρχει πολύ περισσότερος κίνδυνος από την αποπληρωμή του χρέους, επαναλαμβάνοντας μια προειδοποίηση που εκδόθηκε νωρίτερα αυτό το μήνα από την Ανεξάρτητο Εμπειρογνώμονα των Ηνωμένων Εθνών, Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky για το εξωτερικό χρέος και τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα. 

Έντονος λόγος γίνεται για παραβίαση της εθνικής κυριαρχίας από τα τελεσίγραφα της τρόικας και τους πιστωτές και στο δικαίωμα που προσφέρει το διεθνές δίκαιο σε μια χώρα να μην πληρώσει τα χρέη της, εάν αυτό οδηγεί σε καταπάτηση θεμελιωδών δικαιωμάτων του ανθρώπου. Πηγή: UN human rights 
Πηγή κειμένου μεταφρασμένου στα ελληνικά : ΕΡΤ 


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UN human rights experts welcome Greek referendum and call for international solidarity

GENEVA (30 June 2015) – Two United Nations human rights experts today welcomed the holding of a referendum in Greece to decide by democratic process the path to follow to solve the Greek economic crisis without deterioration in the human rights situation.

The UN Independent Experts on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order, Alfred de Zayas, and on human rights and international solidarity, Virginia Dandan, stressed that there is much more at stake than debt repayment obligations, echoing a warning* issued earlier this month by the UN Independent Expert on foreign debt and human rights, Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky.

“All human rights institutions and mechanisms should welcome the Greek referendum as an eloquent expression of the self-determination of the Greek people in conformity with article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and in pursuance of article 25 ICCPR on public participation. Indeed, a democratic and equitable international order requires participation by all concerned stakeholders in decision-making and respect for due process, which can best be achieved through international solidarity and a human rights approach to the solution of all problems, including financial crises.

It is disappointing that the IMF and the EU have failed to reach a solution that does not require additional retrogressive austerity measures. Some leaders have expressed dissatisfaction with the idea of holding a referendum in Greece. Why?  Referenda are in the best traditions of democratic governance.

No one can expect the Prime Minister of Greece to renounce the commitments he made to the people who elected him with a clear mandate to negotiate a fair solution that does not dismantle Greek democracy and lead to further unemployment and social misery. Capitulating to an ultimatum imposing further austerity measures on the Greek population would be incompatible with the democratic trust placed on the Greek Prime Minister by the electorate. By nature, every State has the responsibility to protect the welfare of all persons living under its jurisdiction. This encompasses fiscal and budgetary sovereignty and regulatory space which cannot be trumped by outside actors, whether States, inter-governmental organizations or creditors.

Article 103 of the UN Charter stipulates that the Charter provisions prevail over all other treaties, therefore no treaty or loan agreement can force a country to violate the civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights of its population, nor can a loan agreement negate the sovereignty of a State. Any agreement that would require such a violation of human rights and customary international law is contra bonos mores and hence null and void pursuant to Art. 53 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties.

A democratic and equitable international order requires a commercial and financial   regime that facilitates the realization of all human rights. Inter-governmental organizations must foster and under no conditions hinder the achievement of the plenitude of human rights.

Foreign debt is no excuse to derogate from or violate human rights or to cause retrogression in contravention of articles 2 and 5 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

In 2013, the Independent Expert on foreign debt and human rights stated that the policy austerity measures adopted to secure additional financing from the International Monetary Fund, the European Commission and the European Central Bank had pushed the Greek economy into recession and generally undermined the enjoyment of human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights.

This is the moment for the international community to demonstrate solidarity with the people of Greece, to respect their democratic will as expressed in a referendum, to proactively help them out of this financial crisis, which finds a major cause in the financial meltdown of 2007-08, for which Greece bears no responsibility.

Indeed, democracy means self-determination, and self-determination often calls for referenda – also in Greece.”



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